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Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve pain and disability. It is most commonly performed for osteoarthritis, and also for other knee diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. In patients with severe deformity from advanced rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, or long-standing osteoarthritis, the surgery may be more complicated and carry a higher risk. Osteoporosis does not typically cause knee pain, deformity, or inflammation and is not a reason to perform knee replacement.
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When you are not protected or cared for as a child or young person, or are hurt or betrayed, it can affect you badly. Some people do not appear to be affected badly and may not be. Others might not recognise the effects of their trauma until much later. It is important to know that people can and do recover from even early trauma. It may not always seem like recovery is possible but holding onto the hope of recovery is very important. Sometimes other people can do this for you when you can’t do it for yourself.
Breaks in the pelvis or acetabulum of the hip joint are among the most serious injuries treated by orthopedic surgeons. Often the result of a traumatic incident such as a motor vehicle accident or a bad fall, pelvic and acetabular fractures require rapid and precise treatment and, in some cases, one or more surgical procedures. People of all ages are vulnerable to these injuries. In addition, some elderly patients with fragile bones due to osteoporosis develop pelvic fractures and fractures of the acetabulum with a lower impact fall.
Problems with bone healing, alignment, or infection can occur after bone trauma. Nonunion is when the bone does not heal properly leaving the limb with pain and instability. When a fracture heals in a deformed position or with shortening of the limb, this is called a malunion. In children, the growth plate can sustain damage that results in limb deformity and shortening. Bone loss after infection and trauma can lead to a limb threatening situation. In all these cases, surgeons in the Limb Lengthening and Complex Reconstruction Service (LLCRS) can restore your limb alignment, length, and stability and get you back to full activity.
Children are not just small adults. They cannot always say what is bothering them. They cannot always answer medical questions, and are not always able to be patient and cooperative during a medical examination. Pediatric orthopedic surgeons know how to examine and treat children in a way that makes them relaxed and cooperative. In addition, pediatric orthopedic surgeons often use equipment specially designed for children. Most pediatric orthopedic surgeons’ offices are arranged and decorated with children in mind. This includes the examination rooms and waiting rooms, which may have toys, videos, and reading materials for children. This helps create a comfortable and nonthreatening environment or your child.
When cells divide abnormally and uncontrollably, they can form a mass or lump of tissue. This lump is called a tumor. Bone tumors form in your bones. As the tumor grows, abnormal tissue can displace healthy tissue. Tumors can either be benign or malignant.
Benign tumors aren’t cancerous. While benign bone tumors typically stay in place and are unlikely to be fatal, they’re still abnormal cells and may require treatment. Benign tumors can grow and could compress your healthy bone tissue and cause future issues.
Malignant tumors are cancerous. Malignant bone tumors can cause cancer to spread throughout the body.
Foot and Ankle Surgery is essential reading for everyone interested in the foot and ankle and its disorders. The approach is broad and includes all aspects of the subject from basic science to clinical management. Problems of both children and adults are included, as is trauma and chronic disease. …
The main nerve of your foot controls the muscles in your sole and gives feeling here and to your toes. Other nerves give feeling to the top and outside edge of your foot.
A correct medical diagnosis, after all, is the basis for swift relief and successful therapy.